effects of water pollution on animals and plants

The effects of air pollution on plants are widely seen and damage all plants including our food crops and trees. The harmful elements found in industrial waste include various chemicals, grease, oil, paint, iron, cadmium, lead, arsenic, zinc, etc. Apr 28, 2017 - "How we grow food has enormous effects on the environment - climate change as well as pollution of air, water, and soil." In the polluted water of the rivers, some aquatic weed as aquatic ferns and water hyacinth start increasing. Water pollution is dangerous for all life forms in this universe. Things have become so alarming that many aquatic species are on the brink of extinction. Water pollution causes all water bodies such as lakes, rivers, oceans, and groundwater to get contaminated and certainly human activities are responsible for these conditions. According to the scientists, a large number of diseases in India can be attributed to drinking of sewage mixed water. The reality of water pollution and […] Polluted water  contains lead which when consumed by the humans while drinking water leads to producing various ailments such as joint pain, kidney disease and heart disease in them. Her past work experience includes teaching pre-nursing students beginning biology, human anatomy and physiology. The excess of magnesium and sulphate in water irritates the intestines. Excessive use of soap, soda, bleaching powder, detergent or acids at home and chemicals in the industries are primarily responsible for water pollution. The effects of water pollution are varied and depend on what chemicals are dumped and in which locations. The ability of industries also gets reduced due to water pollution as it affects the performance of industrial units. The chemicals responsible for the pollution include carbon, sulfur, and nitrogen oxides. Moreover, water pollution can also affect terrestrial animals, particularly because the water coming from rivers and lakes is oftentimes used for irrigating soil and agricultural products. container: 'taboola-right-rail-thumbnails', This condition also leads to the eruption of various diseases and most of them being transmittable and fatal. Pesticides in water bodies can cause fish kill and through the decomposition of animal material, lower pH and oxygen levels, unsustainable for life. Many water bodies near urban areas (cities and towns) are highly polluted. Around the globe more than 80 per cent of diseases are due directly or indirectly to polluted water. Whether direct or indirect, accidental or intentional, pollution of our waterways not only affects animals and plants, but the ecosystem itself. Humans are also regularly harmed by pollution. Because oceans are part of the food chain, marine pollution affects a wide spectra of species, including humans. Various diseases like polio, cholera, patches, jaundice, fever, viral fever etc are spread through polluted water. google_ad_height = 250; Aquatic plants get severely affected due to water pollution. Animals and plants that depend on water for life are the most affected by polluted water. The affects of these metals vary. It also increases the risk of kidney diseases. Pollution of water leads to several illnesses. Effects of water pollution on plants and animals. Increasing pollution in the sea and oceanic areas has become a threat. A large amount of sulphide in polluted water is the reason of various respiratory diseases and drinking water contaminated with urea increases intestinal disorder. For instance, Kanpur’s leather units have got adversely affected by the use of polluted water of the Ganga. Rogers's more than 10 years in conservation makes her equally at home in the outdoors. If the polluted water gets stagnated, it becomes a breeding ground for mosquito and many other parasites which are very common in tropical areas. The waterborne diseases are infectious which spread primarily from polluted water. About 360 persons per one lakh die in India and over 50 per cent patients getting admitted in hospitals are the patients of water borne diseases. Water pollution has varied and drastic effects on the plant and animal life of our planet. By bacteria – Diarrhoea, loose motions, paratyphoid, high fever, cholera, whooping cough, gonorrhoea, syphilis, gastroenteritis, dysentery, and tuberculosis. If one uses this water, one can fall a victim to terrible diseases like cancer. Other pollutants also affect water resources. It accumulates in plants and animals, which then become prey to higher predator in the food chain, accumulating in animal tissue. The use of such water also increases the risk of having children with disabilities. When soil becomes highly polluted, plants fail to grow. Considering the negative effects that humans endure, because of water pollution, there is no doubt that the same there are similar effects left on animals, both on land and residing in the water. By worm – Filariasis, hydatid cyst and a variety of worm disease (various types of stomach worms). //-->. Polluted water being acidic in nature also damages the structure of the pot in which it is stored which results in interruptions in water storage. In some parts of the world, some species are already on the verge of extinction due to water pollution. Due to plethora of moss in the polluted water of the rivers, the sun light fails to reach to the depths of the river which affects the growth of aquatic plants in the lack of photosynthesis. Some effects of pollution are imposing on sea animals is as follows: Waste such as metals, plastics, glass, and radioactive drainage is responsible for the killing of hundreds of sea animals … It is also responsible for destroying the beauty of the lakes and rivers. Contamination of the groundwater from the use of pesticides causes reproductive damage within wildlife and domesticated animals within the … The stress on our water environment as a result of increased industrialization, which aids urbanization, is becoming very high thus reducing the availability of clean water. The effects are especially dire when the pH levels of waterways are altered. Due to water pollution, the river Ganga which is regarded by Indians as a sacred river in which they take a holy dip to purify themselves has also become highly polluted. It gets into the environment through emissions from coal-fired utilities and industrial boilers. Water pollution is a serious threat impacting over 40 percent of U.S. rivers and 46 percent of lakes, according to U.S. Environmental Protection Agency figures. degrading water quality and rendering it toxic to humans or the environment High levels of nitrogen, phosphates and phosphorus into waterways can encourage the growth of invasive plants, again setting up a scenario of altered water quality. Sewage overflows, legal or not, continue to dump bacteria, parasites, and toxic chemicals into waterways. Due to water pollution, the river Ganga which is regarded by Indians as a sacred river in which they take a holy dip to purify themselves has also become highly polluted. Marine pollution is a diversified term. The acid rain can cause immediate plant and animal distress or death in high concentrations. Similarly, the sewage water getting mixed into the water of the rivers, helps in the increase of fungus, algae, bacteria, etc which start to erupt faster. Mercury is persistent in the environment. He headed the editorial team of 'Sahara Time', a 48-page general interest English weekly newspaper, and later, handled a 24x7 online wing www.samaylive.com. Urban sewage and industrial waste flows into the water sources without treatment. Hazardous waste, heavy metals and mercury can damage the health of an ecosystem to a point where it cannot recover. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), every year due to contaminated water 50 million persons become the victims of death. Pollutants in water runoff affect plants in two main ways. According to a survey in most of the rivers, the amount of oxygen in a litre of water has decreased to 0.1 cubic centimetre only, while this average in 1940 was around 2.5 cubic centimetres. Soil contamination can also occur, making entire environments unfit for life. Hydrocarbons in the oil spread on the surface of the oceans due to which marine and aquatic organisms do not get the oxygen and they die consequently. It interferes with the central nervous system development in the foetuses and young children. The water sometimes contains excess nutrients which causes the excess growth of plants. Thus, the entire food chain suffers as a result of soil contamination. According to the EPA, over 300 million tons of pesticides are used each year, often ending up in waterways, the majority being classified as carcinogens. Reduced or impaired reproduction, cancer, neurological damage and more susceptibility to disease are common effects long after oil spills have been cleaned up. As per an estimate, 13 children die per hour in India, due to diarrhoea caused by contaminated water. Plants, animals and Human beings all are effected by pollution This video is about: Effect of Pollution on Plants, Animals and Human Being. ii) Effects of air pollution on animals Air pollution is a threat to humans, domestic and wild animals through the following ways: • Causes respiratory problems. Statistics from the Centre for Biological Diversity on the effects of the Deep Horizon spill provides a useful glimpse of the impact of pollution on aquatic life. If today, the river Hooghly is considered among the most polluted rivers in the world, it is only due to water pollution. Fish and other aquatic organisms start dying due to lack of oxygen in the polluted water. placement: 'Right Rail Thumbnails', _taboola.push({ The situation in underdeveloped countries is even worse where over 80 per cent of the patients are suffering from the diseases born out of polluted water. Due to rapid industrialization, water pollution has already reached dangerous levels. Based on these, diseases generated by contaminated water are divided into the following main categories: By virus – Jaundice (Yellow Fever), polio, gastroenteritis, common cold, infectious liver Sod, and smallpox. Where there is a will there is a way essay, Carbon Footprint: Causes, Effects and Solutions, Waste Disposal: Meaning, Facts, Information, Types/Methods, Importance and Solutions, Prevention and Solutions of Soil Pollution, Environmental Problems That Our World is Facing Today, How Plastic Bags are Harmful to Marine Life. Several factors have created the present dilapidated condition of the sea. Different varieties of fish are the most affected creatures due to water pollution. Pesticides in water bodies can cause fish kill and through the decomposition of animal material, lower pH and oxygen levels, unsustainable for life. Pollution may muddy landscapes, poison soils and waterways, or kill plants and animals. Additionally, increased use of pesticides and chemical fertilizers in agriculture has also aggravated the situation. Currently, he lends his professional expertise to several publications and websites in content planning, commissioning, writing, and editing. More disconcerting are the potential long term effects of toxins in the environment. Excess level of mercury in fish is dangerous especially for small children and pregnant women or nursing women. Polluted water makes the life of aquatic organism miserable. Pollution of sea water damages the oceanic life. The factors causing most harm to human health through contaminated water are pathogenic microbes. Stricter regulating of industries is needed to slow further contamination. The result is precipitation with acidic pH levels. Polluted water is also harmful for agriculture as it adversely affects the crops and the soil fertility. This may lead to health issues in herbivorous animals who feed on agricultural plants and leftovers. mode: 'thumbnails-rr', The effects of air pollution on plants and animals may be measured by the following factors: (1) interference with enzyme systems; (2) change in cellular chemical constituents and physical structure; (3) retardation of growth and reduced production because of metabolic changes; (4) … In this disease, nitrate contamination in groundwater results in decreased oxygen carrying capacity of haemoglobin in babies, leading to their death. First, they overwhelm and wash away nutrients essential to plant … Also, animals fall prey to a variety of diseases due to drinking polluted water. Ocean and human life is so inextricably interwoven that the effects of marine pollution are drastically visible on human life. window._taboola = window._taboola || []; Such contaminated drinking water is the reason of blue baby disease in kids which changes their skin colour. Digital Vision./Digital Vision/Getty Images. The main toxic elements among them include cadmium, lead, nickel, silver, arsenic, etc. Vishal Duggal possesses over two decades of journalistic experience across print and web domains. Acid rain destroys the leaves of plants. target_type: 'mix' Here are some adverse effects of water pollution. Microbes, toxins and water containing unnecessary amounts of salts give rise to many diseases. There are many negative effects on plants by pollution and containment of water. Water pollution affects our oceans, lakes, rivers, and drinking water, making it a widespread and global concern (Harendra, 2012). Contaminated water is not only unsuitable for drinking but also for agriculture purposes. Despite all efforts of the Government in cities and towns, only 10 per cent of the total waste water is treated and rest of polluted material directly flows into ponds, rivers and ocean. The effects of water system are far reaching and affect human beings, plants, and animals directly or indirectly. Polluted water is of great concern to the aquatic organism, plants, humans, and climate and indeed alters the ecosystem. When deposited in water sources like pond, lakes and oceans, water plants that feed on water animals are affected. By protozoa – Pyorrhoea, dysentery, narcolepsy (epidemic encephalitis), malaria, amoebiasis, and giardiasis. }); Copyright White Planet Technologies Pvt. Polluted water is like poison for human beings. Biological effects of radiation are generally common to man and animals. Polluted water leads to the worst effect on human health. Polluted water used for irrigation also contaminates the soil and the agricultural produce. Alkaline substances mixed in polluted water get accumulated in and around taps making them weak. Most water-dwelling animals tend to suffocate or drown on being trapped and unable to swim. The effects that have been making headlines across the world include global warming, the melting of polar ice caps, the extin… Water pollution can have dire consequences for plants, animals and even ecosystems as a whole. Mercury is the primary cause of contamination in U.S. estuaries and lakes. Today, water pollution has assumed alarming proportions. Contaminated water contains a variety of disease-causing bacteria that results in several types of ailment. Increase in toxic substances. Unless measures are taken, the very water we drink is in danger. Leptospirosis disease – In addition to organisms that cause disease in our body, various types of toxic substances harm our health reaching our body through water. It makes fish and plants deficient in their ability to regenerate and reproduce. When we use the natural resources and exhaust them to the fullest, the homes of many animals are lost during the process. Categories Save the Rivers Tags 10 ways to control water pollution, Effects of Water Pollution, ganga river … It is due to water pollution, the drinking water becomes smelly and distasteful. Excess quantities of iron, manganese, calcium, barium, chromium, copper, cilium, boron, and other salts such as nitrate, sulphate, borate, carbonate, etc in water have adverse effects on human health. The species depending on these water bodies; be it humans, animals or plants are severely affected by the pollution. The effects of water pollution are said to be the leading cause of death for humans and animal across the globe. He was also a senior editor with Exchange4media group’s real estate magazine 'Realty Plus', and prior to that Consulting Editor with 'Geopolitics', a magazine on defence and strategic affairs. It has emerged as one of the most serious environmental threats in India. Hepatitis, cholera, dysentery and typhoid are the common waterborne diseases, which affect the majority of tropical area. Subscribe to our YouTube … (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});